How do I spray coat my printed circuit board with conformal coating?

Nexus 1Batch spraying of conformal coating on printed circuit board assemblies (PCBA) is one of the most widely used techniques in low and medium volume production processing.

Typically, using either a compressed air spray gun or an aerosol, the conformal coating is sprayed across the whole of the circuit board to provide the protection it requires.

The batch spray process can produce a high quality conformal coating finish that gives the best protection due to good tip edge coverage of components.

However, it is not a selective process and all parts are coated on the circuit board.

Therefore, masking may be required to protect components that must not be conformal coated.

What is a typical spray process for application of the conformal coating to the circuit board?

Nexus 2

Batch spraying using an aerosol or hand spray gun is normally a simple process.

A typical method of application for spraying is as follows:

  1. Dilute the conformal coating with thinners according to the manufacturers recommended instructions (typically the viscosity is close to 24cps and almost like water).
  2. Mix the blend thoroughly but without creating bubbles (if bubbles occur wait for them to dissipate) and apply a test pattern to ensure the material from the spray gun is flowing properly.
  3. If “spider webs” occur (similar to candy floss in the air) then dilute further with more thinning solvents.
  4. Position the circuit board horizontally
in front of the spray gun operator.
  5. Hold the spray gun at a 45° angle and at the recommended distance (typically 20 to 25 cm from the circuit board).
  6. Spray a thin and uniform coat onto the circuit board with an even motion using “spray and release” strokes in a raster pattern. Do not over apply too much liquid.
  7. Turn the circuit board 90°and repeat until the board has completed one complete 360° rotation.
  8. If a second coat is required, wait 2-3 minutes (may be longer with certain solvent types so check manufacturers recommended instructions) and repeat steps 5-7.

Once complete follow the cure instructions for the coating on the circuit board.

Need to find out more?

Go directly to our conformal coating batch spraying section or contact us directly and we can help you.

If you are new to Nexus and our work on conformal coatings then a good place to go is our Start Here page or our free conformal coating eBook.

Nexus Conformal Coating Video Library: An inline conformal coating selective robot coating a printed circuit board with a non-atomised spray valve

Nexus, the Conformal Coating Resource, have a section which has videos showing processes for conformal coating and also company video’s of which Nexus feels offer technical information to users of conformal coating.

This video shows An inline conformal coating selective robot coating a printed circuit board with a non-atomised spray valve

Click through to see the full range of Conformal Coating Videos at the Nexus Website.

Conformal Coating Selective Robots Compared in Nexus3c Database

Entering the Nexus supplier Database gives you access to comparison tables of the conformal coating selective coating and dispensing robot systems globally available.

Click for Access to the Nexus Supplier Database.